“I have for some time past been thinking that it would be a good thing if there were a challenge cup which should be held from year to year by the champion hockey team in the Dominion”
FREDERICK ARTHUR STANLEY
“I have for some time past been thinking that it would be a good thing if there were a challenge cup which should be held from year to year by the champion hockey team in the Dominion. There does not appear to be any such outward and visible sign of championship at present, and considering the general interest which the matches now elicit, and the importance that of having the game played fairly and under rules generally recognized, I am willing to give a cup which shall be held from year to year by the winning team.”
-LORD STANLEY OF PRESTON 1892
Canada’s sixth governor general, Frederick Arthur Stanley, was born in London, England on January 15, 1841, the second son of three-times Prime Minister Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby. He was educated at Eton College and at age seventeen joined the Grenadier Guards, retiring as a captain in 1865. That year he was elected to the British House of Commons as the Conservative MP for Preston. In 1864 he married Lady
Constance Villiers and they had eight sons and two daughters. In a lengthy political career Stanley held a number of important positions, including Financial Secretary to the War Office, Secretary of State for War, and Colonial Secretary. In 1886 he was made a peer, Baron Stanley of Preston, and was styled Lord Stanley.
On being offered the governor generalship of Canada in February 1888, Lord Stanley quickly accepted and by June was in Canada with Lady Constance and four of their children. By all accounts, the Stanley family took well to their new surroundings and became popular throughout the country.
Being well versed in military matters, Stanley advocated for a strong militia and defence; and found himself caught in the middle between opposing views held by the Canadians and the British over the American arrest of Canadian sealers in the Bering Sea.
With the death of his elder brother in April 1893, Lord Stanley assumed the title of 16th Earl of Derby and resigned as governor general. In July he left Canada to look after the family estate at home. He remained publicly active, serving as Lord Mayor of Liverpool, and president of the British Empire League, as well as being a successful racehorse owner.
Stanley died of heart failure on June 14, 1908.
Here are additional resources to learn more about Lord Stanley.